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A Quick Take on Cannabis

What is cannabis?


Cannabis originates from the Cannabaceae family of plants which includes about 170 species grouped in 11 genera- cannabis belongs to the hemp genus.


There are three species of the hemp genus: sativa, indica and ruderalis- each made up of psychoactive properties. 


The buds we readily consume are a result of the harvested and dried flowers of the plant. Some refer to it as weed, some call it marijuana, and I’m pretty sure you’ve come across many other customary nicknames.


Cannabis is usually consumed for it’s relaxing and calming effects, yet, can cater to users medicinally and recreationally.


What does cannabis contain?


There are more than 120 components in cannabis known as cannabinoids. Experts have a good understanding of two cannabinoids: cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).


CBD: This is a chemical compound, a substance that comes in many forms such as oil products, edibles, pills and lotions, each with similar effects. CBD is a psychotropic so it won’t get you “high,” but can impart a feeling of calm and relaxation and aid anxiousness.

THC: This the the main psychoactive compound in cannabis that gives you a “high” feeling. THC attaches to cannabinoid receptors in the brain and activates them which affects our memory, pleasure, movements, thinking, concentration, coordination and sensory and time perception.

What are the effects of cannabis?


There are different methods used to consume cannabis which determine the effects of the drug.


Inhalation: The act of breathing in the substance into your lungs (e.g. smoking, vaping). A sense of elation can kick in within minutes and will typically wear off after 2-3 hours.


Ingestion: Consumption of cannabis-infused edibles by mouth (e.g. brownies, sweets) can take up to 1 hour to for effects to kick in. The potency and type of edible affects the time it takes to feel the effects.


Topical: This refers to cannabis-infused products applied directly to parts of the body (e.g. oils, creams). This method allows the supplements to enter the body over a prolonged period which can be effective for treating pain and inflammation. 

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